As Armenia has accused Azerbaijan of amassing troops and complained about a blockade of its only land connection to Nagorno-Karabakh, fears of a new war have grown recently.
Although a substantial portion of the territory has been under the hands of ethnic Armenians for three decades, it is recognized internationally as belonging to Azerbaijan.
The conflict that has lasted the longest in the history of the globe is centered on Nagorno-Karabakh, which is located in the South Caucasus mountain range.
The conflict has its roots in the early 20th century, when Nagorno-Karabakh was part of the Russian Empire. After the Russian Revolution, the region was transferred to the newly formed Soviet Union. In 1923, Nagorno-Karabakh was made an autonomous region within the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.
In the late 1980s, as the Soviet Union began to collapse, there were growing calls for independence in Nagorno-Karabakh. In 1988, the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast declared its secession from Azerbaijan. This led to a war between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which lasted from 1991 to 1994. The war ended with a ceasefire, but the conflict remained unresolved.
In 2020, the conflict flared up again, resulting in a six-week war. Azerbaijan made significant gains, retaking control of the seven surrounding districts and a significant portion of Nagorno-Karabakh. A ceasefire was eventually agreed upon, but the conflict remains unresolved.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a complex and difficult issue. There are no easy solutions, and both sides have made legitimate claims. The conflict has had a devastating impact on the people of the region, resulting in thousands of deaths and the displacement of hundreds of thousands more.