Eurozone inflation softened slightly in January, offering a glimmer of hope in the ongoing battle against rising prices. However, the sigh of relief is short-lived, as core inflation figures remain stubbornly high, casting a shadow of doubt on the trajectory of price increases in the months ahead.
As expected by economists, headline inflation, which takes into account both volatile energy and food costs, decreased to 2.8%. This is the highest level since 2003 and a nice decrease from December’s 2.9%. After a period of instability, the decline can be linked to declining energy prices, especially those of oil.
In December, German consumer prices had increased by 3.8% on an annual basis, when compared to other EU member states.
“The drop in German inflation will fuel speculation about an early European Central Bank rate cut, but underneath a favourable headline inflation there are still enough price pressures to worry about,” Carsten Brzeski, ING’s global head of macroeconomic.
In the bloc, economic development has been sluggish.
According to preliminary data released earlier this week, inflation in Germany eased to 3.1%, a little less than expected. The largest economy in the euro zone, Germany’s GDP shrank by 0.3% in the fourth quarter, making it one of the major growth inhibitors in the region.
In order to determine whether and when to start lowering interest rates from their present record highs, officials at the European Central Bank are keeping an eye on a variety of data points. From a peak of 10.6% in October 2022, price increases have drastically moderated, and the central bank’s 2% aim is becoming closer.
Inflationary pressures vary across the Eurozone. While countries like France and Spain witnessed declines in headline inflation, others like Germany and Italy saw figures inching upwards. This uneven distribution highlights the complexities of managing inflation in a diverse currency union.
The main driver of the inflation slowdown was a 2.8% decrease in energy prices compared to the previous year. This drop, despite the end of a government energy price cap and the introduction of a higher carbon price, provides some respite from the energy price surge that plagued Europe in 2022.
Germany’s inflation experience is not uniform across the country. While some states like North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria saw inflation dip, others like Brandenburg and Saxony still grapple with higher figures. This uneven distribution highlights the complexity of managing inflation in a diverse nation.